What causes Climate Change?

The ecological footprint of humanity (a way to measure the impact of our way of life) indicates that:

  • the use of fossil fuels (coal, oil) for the generation of energy and transport,
  • the deforestation ,
  • the production of commodities (crops, meat, fish, wood), and
  • the use of fresh water.

they are the main causes that drive global warming and the degradation of nature.

This is seen in:

  1. The emission of greenhouse gases and the lack of a long-term policy for investment in renewable energies and policies to reduce energy consumption (energy efficiency).
  2. The deforestation driven by the advance of the agricultural frontier, which now contributes 18% of emissions of greenhouse gases (more than the emissions from the entire transport sector), which annually affects about 300,000 hectares of forests ( one of the highest rates of deforestation worldwide).
  3. The lack of awareness in society about the seriousness and urgency of environmental problems, which leads to consumer practices that affect our natural resources.
  4. The degradation of natural ecosystems , which reduces the possibilities of mitigating the effects of climate change on the provision of fresh water or local climate regulation.
  5. The over-exploitation of natural resources ( forests and fisheries), affecting the health of natural systems and significantly increase our ecological footprint.