The ecological footprint of humanity (a way to measure the impact of our way of life) indicates that:
- the use of fossil fuels (coal, oil) for the generation of energy and transport,
- the deforestation ,
- the production of commodities (crops, meat, fish, wood), and
- the use of fresh water.
they are the main causes that drive global warming and the degradation of nature.
This is seen in:
- The emission of greenhouse gases and the lack of a long-term policy for investment in renewable energies and policies to reduce energy consumption (energy efficiency).
- The deforestation driven by the advance of the agricultural frontier, which now contributes 18% of emissions of greenhouse gases (more than the emissions from the entire transport sector), which annually affects about 300,000 hectares of forests ( one of the highest rates of deforestation worldwide).
- The lack of awareness in society about the seriousness and urgency of environmental problems, which leads to consumer practices that affect our natural resources.
- The degradation of natural ecosystems , which reduces the possibilities of mitigating the effects of climate change on the provision of fresh water or local climate regulation.
- The over-exploitation of natural resources ( forests and fisheries), affecting the health of natural systems and significantly increase our ecological footprint.