How to avoid climate change
Global solutions to avoid climate change
At the international level, there is the certainty that climate change is one of the greatest threats that humanity faces to combat it. And that the moment is now or never. Faced with this reality, various agreements have been reached to take measures to contain the causes that cause it – in the main, the emission of greenhouse gases – and to mitigate its effects, especially adverse weather phenomena due to the warming of the environment. Earth’s surface:
Comply with the Kyoto Protocol containing the objectives to combat global warming from 2014 to 2020. In 2008, an initial period was signed, which ended in 2012 and after which the actions that initially were proposed to be reduced by 5 were reinforced. , 2% emissions of greenhouse gases in the world, compared to 1990 levels.
To make the Paris Agreement work , which replaces the previous one, and to achieve its objectives: to maintain the increase in the average temperature of the planet below 2ºC, and if possible at 1.5ºC. The IPCC recommended in its Fifth Report to reduce the cumulative emissions of CO 2 from all these diverse anthropogenic sources since 1870.
Carry out the energy transition towards a model of production and consumption of energy accessible to all, clean and sustainable.
Increase energy efficiency and reduce energy demand , both in electricity and air conditioning and in transportation.
Combat deforestation and apply sustainable practices in agriculture and livestock.
Achieve more sustainable mobility both in cities and between them and by sea and by air.
Implement ecological and sustainable criteria in construction and building.
Measures to fight against climate change from home
Also at the domestic level, each and every one of us can contribute to reducing emissions by putting these habits into practice:
Consume fresh, nearby and seasonal products . This prevents energy from being spent, and therefore emissions are released, by reducing production and transport activities.
Perform domestic tasks in a more sustainable way . For example, rationalizing the use of your appliances by starting the dishwasher or the washing machine at full load and with cold water, and using the residual heat by turning off the fire or the ceramic hob a few minutes before.
It is also important to look at the energy label of this type of devices when buying them and follow the advice of the brand to use the greener programs.
Reduce consumption, reuse the products purchased and recycle the waste by separating it and depositing it in the corresponding containers or at a clean point.
Isolate homes to consume less energy . Tricks like lowering the blinds at night when it is cold or during the day when it is very hot contribute to less use of heating and air conditioning. It is also important to have good enclosures in windows and doors to maintain the temperature.
Use LED bulbs. According to the Spanish Institute for Diversification and Energy Saving, IDEA, they can generate savings of up to 80% .
Hire renewable energy . As the web page of the Community #PorElClima initiative says, they produce energy without emitting CO 2 emissions and are renewed naturally as they come from the sun, tides or wind, among other sources.
Tips to combat climate change when leaving home
According to the IPCC, the annual anthropogenic GHG emissions correspond directly to the sectors of energy supply (47%), industry (30%), buildings (3%) and transport (11%). In Spain , the transport sector represents 25% of the total emissions of greenhouse gases and almost 40% of the emissions of the diffuse sectors To reduce those that correspond to the latter sector, the experts recommend:
In the city, avoid the private car and instead use public transport or bicycle . This could reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 11% within 35 years according to a study by the ITDP Institute for Transportation and Development Policy and the University of California Davis.
Share or rent a car Every day is easier because citizens are more aware and agree if they make the same journeys. In addition, the electric car sharing services implemented have multiplied in recent years in many Spanish cities.
Practice efficient driving, such as driving as much as possible in the longest gears and at low revs. On the website of the European Commission for the Automobile CEA there are more tips.
When making long journeys, it is convenient to use the most sustainable means of transport at all times. In general, the train is the most sustainable medium, taking into account the number of people, the kilometers traveled and the emissions released, since it is estimated that it emits 14 grams of carbon dioxide and would be the one that would transport more people: 156