The trend followed by GHG emissions in the period 1990-2005 was the result of rapid and sustained economic growth and an increase in population in recent years. But it should also be noted the insufficient effort made in Spain in terms of savings and energy efficiency.
Therefore, some strategies were proposed to stop the unsustainable growth of greenhouse gas emissions. For this it was proposed:
Comply with the Kyoto protocol.
Measures tending to favor saving and energy efficiency.
Establish the objective of a five-year period, (2008-2012), to ensure that the totals in Spain do not exceed an increase of 37% with respect to the emissions of the base year, (1995).
Spain has currently achieved these objectives but due to the period of economic crisis and recession that we are experiencing since in the beginning it was one of the countries that most violated the protocol, becoming the second country in the world that spent the most money on pollutant emission rights .
We can think that, only with the actions of the governments, establishing new policies of action to reduce emissions (Kyoto Protocol, Bali Conference, etc.), or with those of the issuing companies -which must use much cleaner technologies- , we will have in our hands the possibility of curbing climate change.
But this is not like that: really
Measures to reduce climate change
RECYCLE : recycling 1 kg of used aluminum cans consumes ten times less energy than producing them; and much less energy is used to make paper from old newspapers than from wood pulp
When you prepare a hot drink, boil only the necessary water .
Take a shower instead of a bath : not only do you save water, but also the energy you need to heat it.
Turn off the lights when not needed . Households are responsible for 30% of electricity consumption in the EU, so if we all save electricity, the effect will be considerable.
When you have to buy light bulbs , try the low-energy ones : they last longer and use five times less electricity than conventional ones.
Do not leave the appliances in standby . On average, 45% of the energy consumed by a television is in standby mode. If all Europeans avoided this mode, they would save the electricity consumed by a country the size of Belgium.
Do not leave the mobile phone charger plugged in when you are not charging the phone. If you do, 95% of the electricity is lost: only 5% is actually used to recharge the mobile’s battery.
If you buy a new appliance, for example a refrigerator or a washing machine, make sure that the European label for energy efficiency , which every appliance must carry, is «A»: this guarantees that it makes a very efficient use of energy.
Look for products that carry the European eco-label , symbolized by a little flower, in stores and supermarkets. This means that they have been manufactured in compliance with strict environmental regulations.
Do not set the heating too high . Lowering the temperature by just 1 ºC can reduce a family’s energy bill by up to 7%. The optimum temperature ranges between 18º and 21ºC
To ventilate, open the window wide for a few minutes and then re-close it, instead of letting the heat escape for a long time.
The private car is responsible for 10% of the EU’s CO 2 emissions . Public transport, cycling and walking are cheaper and healthier alternatives.
If you are going to buy a new car, choose a small and efficient model . According to European legislation, car manufacturers must show information regarding the amount of CO 2 their cars emit.
Plant a tree (always taking into account the ecological characteristics of the area and the necessary permits). Five trees can absorb up to 1 ton of CO 2 throughout their life.